Who wrote the books of the Bible and when?

      Book of Ezekiel, containing the visions and prophecies of Ezekiel son of Buzi, was written around the sixth century (592-571) B.C. by Ezekiel the prophet. Ezekiel, a contemporary of Jeremiah, was a priest of the order of Zadok in Jerusalem who was carried off into exile in Babylon in 597 B.C., where he became a prophet of God and foretold of the rebuilding of Jerusalem, while still warning of punishment for sin. In chapter 18, Ezekiel introduces a new concept of condemnation to the Jews -- that individuals are responsible for their own actions and the punishment of sin falls on the one who sins.

      The Book of Ezekiel includes:

  • Vision of the cherubim - the four living creatures with intersecting wheels - and the glory of the Lord (chapter 1)
  • Ezekiel is called by the Lord, eats a scroll, and is sent to an obstinate people (chapter 2)
  • Ezekiel bears the sins of Israel and Judah as a symbol of the years of their captivities and defiles himself as Israel and Judah were to be defiled (chapter )
  • Prophecies of great ruin because of wickedness
  • Detestable visions of idolatry in Jerusalem
  • Judgment on Israel's leaders and promised return of Israel
  • Symbol of the captivity of the besieged remainder of Jerusalem
  • Condemnation of false prophets and idolaters
  • Judgment on Jerusalem, the unfaithful wife
  • Those who sin will die, no matter how righteous
  • Lamentation for Israel
  • Babylon is Jerusalem's judgment
  • The adulterous sisters, Oholah (Samaria) and Oholibah (Judah)
  • Death of Ezekiel's wife without mourning
  • Prophecies against Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia, Tyre, Sidon, and Egypt
  • Ezekiel divinely elected as watchmen over Israel
  • Woe to the shepherds of Israel for neglecting their sheep
  • Restoration of Israel for the sake of the name of the Lord
  • Valley of dry bones
  • Israel and Judah united under one king
  • Prophecy against Gog
  • Details of the new temple and return of the Lord's Glory
  • A river of life flows from the temple
  • Division of land and gates of the city

        This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord. When I saw it, I fell face down, and I heard the voice of one speaking. He said to me, "Son of man, stand up on your feet and I will speak to you." As he spoke, the Spirit came into me and raised me to my feet, and I heard him speaking to me. He said: "Son of man, I am sending you to the Israelites, to a rebellious nation that has rebelled against me; they and their fathers have been in revolt against me to this very day. The people to whom I am sending you are obstinate and stubborn. Say to them, 'This is what the Sovreign Lord says.' And whether they listen or fail to listen --for they are a rebellious house-- they will know that a prophet has been among them." (Ezekiel 1:28-2:5)
        "For I will take you out of the nations; I will gather you from all the countries and bring you back into your own land. I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your impurities and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh." (Ezekiel 36:24-26)

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